PHP Classes

SWF header parser: Parse header of Flash files to extract metadata

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swfheader 1.0.0GNU Lesser Genera...3Files and Folders, Flash, Parsers
Description Author

This class is meant to parse the header of Shockwave Flash animation files (.swf) to extract metadata information like the width and height of animation, compression status and uncompressed size, frame rate and total number of frames.

This class parses Flash files using only PHP code, so no special extension is necessary.

Supports both, compressed and uncompressed SWF Flash movies

Innovation Award
PHP Programming Innovation award nominee
May 2004
Number 2

Prize: One downloadable copy of PHPEd
Shockwave Flash is a technology that has been growing its popularity in the latest years, especially among Web designers.

It provides a much richer means of presentation of content and user interaction that the traditional HTML based user interface pages.

This characteristic has been motivating many Content Management System developers to add support to integrate Flash animations in their systems.

The Shockwave Flash format is proprietary and is made of binary information. This imposes an additional difficulty to analyze and verify the integrity of the information contained in Flash animation files.

This class provides a basic solution for analyzing Flash animation files by parsing their header information to extract metadata that may be useful for content management systems as well verify the integrity of these files when they are uploaded to the publishing systems.

Manuel Lemos
Picture of Carlos Falo Hervás
Name: Carlos Falo Hervás <contact>
Classes: 10 packages by
Country: Spain Spain
Age: 47
All time rank: 361 in Spain Spain
Week rank: 211 Down10 in Spain Spain Down
Innovation award
Innovation award
Nominee: 1x



I implemented this class to allow for native PHP coding support to get basic
information from SWF files (i.e. to allow dynamic SWF banner systems with 
non-fixed banner sizes or flash versions)

I will be working a bit more on this class and maybe I'll be merging it with 
file_finder class for a common locate-and-show class.


The class works on 4 basic functions


  valid 			: boolean - The processed file was vaild
  fname 			: string 	- Filename of the file we parsed
  compressed 	: boolean - True on compressed files, file size won't match 
													value in size member variable (see below)
  version 		: numeric - Flash version for the file (useful for generating 
													OBJECT plug-in check)
  width 			: numeric - Movie width (pixels)
  height 			: numeric - Movie height (pixels)
	size				: numeric - Size in bytes for the movie, it is the uncompressed
													size so might not mach the real file size on movies
													that are compressed (see compressed above)
  frames 			: numeric - total frames in the movie
  fps[] 			: Array 	- 2 values array holding FPS in 8.8 (array[1].array[0]) 


  function swfheader($debug=false) ;
  	The constructor:
		$debug -> determine if the class shows debug information while processing the file

		Just creates the object and initialized it to "empty" values
  function init()

		Clears all data from previous uses		
  function loadswf($filename) ;
  	The SWF header parser:
		$filename -> file (with full path) to parse

		Opens the file and gets all the info from it's header (based on Flash 6/MX specs).
		Returns 1/0 on success/error

  function show() ;
  	Print report:

		Shows on-screen a report for all the analyzed file data

  function display($trans = false, $qlty = "high", $bgcolor = "#ffffff", $name = "") ;
  	Echo <OBJECT>/<EMBED> code for the loaded file:
		$trans 		-> transparency (boolean) sets WMODE to transparent if true
		$qlty  		-> movie quality "high" or "low"
		$bgcolor 	-> background color for the movie (if not $trans)
		$name			-> ID/NAME for the object/embed, defaults to fname without .swf extension
		Generates HTML <OBJECT> & <EMBED> code for the parsed file based on the data just
		gathered from the header information.

2.- Tech notes 
  In order to manage CWS (compressed) files the class MUST simulate a buffer 
	meaning it has to read the full file on a string and fetch characters 
	manually, making it a bit memory hungry for big files (wich also might need to
	decompress in memory).
3.- The SWF header format

	This information is based on Macromedia Flash MX official SWF format specs and
	some hex reading in real files itself.
	MAGIC 	: 3 bytes, 'F' or 'C', 'W', 'S', a C on the first byte states compression
	VERSION : 1 byte, i.e. 5 , 6, 7
	SIZE 		: 4 bytes, uncompressed size in LSB-MSB format ([0]+[1]<<8+[2]<<16+[3]<<32)

	If file is compressed, a GZ stream starts here (0x78 indicating DEFLATE)  	

	RECT	  : variable size, RECT struct for the movie dimensions (see below) PACKED 
  FRAMES  : 2 bytes in LSB-MSB format ([0]+[1]<<8)
	FPS			: 8 bytes in 8.8 ([1].[0]) format
	RECT struct information:
	N_BITS	: 5 bits, shows the number of bits for each of the following sections
	MIN_X		: N_BITS bits, min. X coord MUST BE 0
	MAX_X		: N_BITS bits, min. X coord (width is MAX_X - MIN_X : GENERIC)
	MIN_Y		: N_BITS bits, min. Y coord MUST BE 0
	MAX_Y		: N_BITS bits, min. Y coord (width is MAX_Y - MIN_Y : GENERIC)
	This struct is PACKED (bit '0' padded to the end of last used byte)
4.- License

	SWFHEADER CLASS - PHP SWF header parser
	Copyright (C) 2004  Carlos Falo Hervás

	This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
	modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
	License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
	version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

	This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
	but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
	Lesser General Public License for more details.

	You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
	License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
	Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA

5.- Future releases and WIP

  I don't think i'll work much on this class, but any new release will be posted 

  Any suggestions are appreciated

6.- Contact information

  Carlos Falo Hervás
  Files folder image Files  
File Role Description
Accessible without login Plain text file LICENSE.txt Lic. LGPL license
Accessible without login Plain text file README_EN.txt Doc. English documentation
Plain text file swfheader.class.php Class Base class source code
Accessible without login Plain text file test.php Example Test script

 Version Control Unique User Downloads Download Rankings  
This week:1
All time:473
This week:233Up
User Ratings User Comments (5)
 All time
Still works after almost 15 years.
1 year ago (John Trouble)
Really, really nice.
12 years ago (Bruno Tacca)
Awesome class ;) thanks!
12 years ago (Adrian)
Works well.
13 years ago (F Philip DeGeorge)
Very good class, nice alternative to getimagesize that uses s...
14 years ago (jarosek)
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